Previous Page - You're reading an Article:
447 words - May 16, 2013 | © DiploNews, all rights reserved.
On May 7, British Prime Minister David Cameron and Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud co-hosted the second London Conference on Somalia aimed at "bolstering political stability and preventing Somalia from slipping back into a state of lawlessness," To do so, the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) affirmed it is "time to capitalize on the significant progress made over the past year," and to increase and better coordinate the "international support for the Somali government's efforts towards building "political stability by improving security, police, justice and public financial management systems."
In 2011, the Islamist insurgency of the Al-Shabaab retreated from Somalia's capital city Mogadishu and new political institutions successfully emerged after a transitional phase that culminated in the establishment of a legitimate, democratically-elected government. Though the overall security and humanitarian situation remains precarious, the federal authorities of Somalia now have to comply with the 2016 deadline towards the adoption of a new constitution and the holding of general elections.
United Nations (UN) Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson urged the Conference's participants from 54 countries and partners to support Somalia's state-building agenda and identified four priorities. Firstly, "the goal remains for Somalis to deliver security without outside assistance." Secondly, Mr. Eliasson stressed the importance of the Rule of Law and thus the good functioning of police, courts and prisons for security and State authority. Thirdly, Somalia's financial management system must be reformed so that the government can collect tax. Fourthly, the Somali government needs assistance in developing protection and access to justice for victims, especially Women and children.
If the situation has greatly improved in Somalia, the challenges are daunting. Security is the top priority and Africa still has a great role to play in consolidating Somalia's long-term stability. The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) remains critical and talks could start about a future deployment of a UN peacekeeping operation, said Mr. Eliasson. Also for the Somali government to sustain the basic needs of the people, chiefly on food issues, it needs to enhance the growth of economic activity and benefit from the subsequent tax revenues. Lastly, the Federal Authorities must draw people's confidence by sticking to the 2016 deadline.
The international support has proved fruitful over the last years and its continuation will be instrumental in Somalia's developing of its own security means, inside and off the coasts of its territory. Countries like the United States, Britain and Norway have already increased their contribution. Next September, a United Arab Emirates (UAE) conference in Dubai will tackle the Somali waters' piracy and maritime instability which is the main obstacle to Somalia's access to international trade.
Parts of or the whole information published on this page is likely to originate from Official Institutions like Governments, Ministries, Embassies and States. Its reproduction on this page does not constitute any endorsement from DiploNews and any of its affiliates and/or partners. If titles are sometimes modified for better understanding, the contents are reproduced exactly as delivered by the institution that first published it. To know the exact origin, click on 'view original source' at the end of the page. All information that originates from DiploNews is copyrighted and cannot be reproduced without written express authorization from DiploNews.