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311 words - August 16, 2013 | © DiploNews, all rights reserved.
"The Central African Republic is not yet a failed State but has the potential to become one if swift action is not taken," Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Valerie Amos said in her latest briefing to the UN Security Council (UNSC).
On July 15, DiploNews has drawn attention on the UN, EU officials' urgent call for sending emergency humanitarian aid in the Central African Republic (CAR). They have warned that unless security is re-established and the humanitarian aid is distributed to the affected people, more than 1.4 million lives would be at vital risk. A month later, the situation has worsened.
On August 14, the UNSC "expressed deep concern at the security situation in the Central African Republic, characterized by a total breakdown in law and order, and the absence of the rule of law." The armed conflict has significantly deteriorated the humanitarian situation and there have been reports of "widespread human rights violation," mostly committed by the Séléka rebel coalition, the UNSC stated. Moreover, the growing insecurity encouraged an upsurge in activity of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).
"Arrests and detention, sexual violence against women and children, torture, rape, extrajudicial killings, recruitment and use of children and attacks against civilians, attacks against UN staff" have become the daily nightmare for millions of people, yet nevertheless UNSC has urged all parties to comply with the Libreville Agreements of January 2013, as well as the N'Djamena Declaration, of April 2013.
In situ, the Economic Community of Central African States (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU) and the UN Integrated Peace-building Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) remain committed to bringing "a definitive end to the crisis." The UNSC hopes the deployment of the African-led International Support Mission for the Central African Republic (AFISM-CAR), decided in July, will address the situation.
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