Attempts to find a viable and peaceful solution for the Transnistrian conflict continue to remain at statement-level.
Speaking at a conference in Landshut, Germany, the OSCE Chairperson Leonid Kozhara "praised the readiness demonstrated by the sides to strengthen confidence and seek a mutually acceptable and viable settlement of the Transnistrian conflict."
The "5+2" (the conflict settlement format) negotiators are meeting on October 30-31 in Germany to enhance "confidence-building measures." The conference is attended by the "5+2" participants, German and international experts. Their main discussion topics are related to freedom of movement, law enforcement cooperation, economy, trade, infrastructure and environment.
"The 5+2 negotiation process is a feasible instrument for achieving a comprehensive solution," Mr. Kozhara said. "It is a clear positive outcome that it was possible to keep the high dynamics of the negotiation process and its ability to achieve results in solving important problems of the people."
The OSCE Chairman emphasized the need to make all efforts to keep stability in the region.
The Head of the OSCE Mission to Moldova Jennifer Brush claimed that with such a will the parties can register progress on important issues for both Moldova and its separatist region.
"We hope that in this spirit, we can make progress on outstanding issues, such us the opening of the Gura Bicului bridge, the exchange of TV channels and the Latin-script schools," Jennifer Brush said.
The conference on confidence-building measures in the Transnistrian settlement process is organized by the OSCE Mission to Moldova with the support of German Federal Government.
A similar conference was organized in June 2012 when then Premier Vlad Filat had flown together with the leader of Transnistria Evgheny Shevchuk to Germany. The meeting took place in Rottach-Egern, Germany.
Moldovan Premier Iurie Leanca stressed that the key issue at the moment is the business sector, saying that the right of fair trade should be freely exercised by enterprises in the Transnistrian region.
He maintained that these companies should also be able to have a free trade with the European Union countries; therefore, benefiting from the upcoming Association Agreement expected to be initialed in November 2013 and signed in 2014 at a later point.
"The business and the people should not suffer because of political issues," Iurie Leanca said.
The Prime Minister suggested the creation of a working group that would focus on trade and exports whose activity to be directly monitored by the state administration.
Iurie Leanca pointed out that the situation in the Security Zone has gotten worse lately. Therefore, he called on the participants to "develop an international monitoring mission of the situation to identify and remove any tensions without delay."
Moreover, the head of the Moldovan cabinet said it is already the time to discuss political issues, including the status of the Transnistrian region.
When such issues will be debated within the "5+2" format is still unclear.
The next round of the "5+2" talks will take place in Kiev on November 25-26, a few days before the Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius.
The Transnistrian conflict settlement is made within the "5+2" format. It includes representatives of the sides, mediators and observers in the negotiation process - Moldova, Transnistria, Russia, Ukraine and the OSCE (as mediators), and the US and the EU (as observers).
Transnistria is an internationally unrecognized entity proclaimed in Tiraspol on September 2, 1990, initially styled the Moldavian Transnistrian Soviet Socialist Republic. Currently known as the Moldavian Transnistrian Republic, this breakaway entity consists of a narrow strip of land (180 km by 32 km) nestled between the east bank of the Nistru River and the border of Moldova with Ukraine, on a small part of what used to be, between 1924 and 1940, the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
In 1992 escalated a conflict between Moldova and Russia over this territory. A cease-fire was signed the same year by president of Russia Boris Yeltsin and president of Moldova Mircea Snegur. An agreement to withdraw all Russian forces from the trans-Nistrian districts of the Republic of Moldova was signed by Moldovan Prime Minister Andrei Sangheli and Russian Prime Minister Victor Chernomyrdin in 1994. It stipulated that the 14th Army was to leave the Republic of Moldova within three years, but the agreement was never ratified by the Duma, Russia’s legislature.
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